Saturday, August 22, 2020

Linguistics and Language free essay sample

In this article, I will clarify just as analyze two hypotheses of first language procurement, behaviorism and innatism. I will investigate the contrasts between them in such classes as the job of the student, the job of the earth and just as their qualities and shortcomings. I will at that point state and clarify which one I discover increasingly viable with instances of applicable writing. Job of the Learner Behaviorism, credited to B. F. Skinner during the 1950s, expresses that the student realizes nothing to begin with, he is an unfilled record [o1] to be educated. The student is uninvolved and learns by positive-negative fortification, just rehashing what he hears. Innatism, credited to Noam Chomsky in 1965, states that the student is wired from birth for language. The student is furnished with a LAD, a language securing gadget. This gadget permits the student to find the standards of his language, any language. We will compose a custom exposition test on Phonetics and Language or then again any comparable theme explicitly for you Don't WasteYour Time Recruit WRITER Just 13.90/page Job of the Environment Behaviorism expresses that the job of nature is vital and indispensable to the learning procedure. The earth is the dynamic specialist while the student is the detached operator. The earth creates the important language contribution for the student. It is dependent upon nature to give positive and negative fortification for the student. Innatism expresses that the job of the earth is insignificant in light of the fact that it just goes about as the trigger for learning. It is additionally thought nature is defective and can’t be depended upon to consistently give flawless data. Accordingly, it is dependent upon the student to discover the guidelines of the language[o2] . Qualities There are a couple of qualities to help the behaviorism hypothesis. It is anything but difficult to screen the learners’ execution. This is the manner by which guardians (as educators) for the most part show their youngsters, through supporting which puts accentuation on the job of the earth. This hypothesis can likewise clarify why students can remember. Then again, there are a few qualities of the innatism hypothesis. A student can't remember all the conceivable diverse language and syntax mixes that he learns through nature. The LAD encourages the student to sum up rules and make his own inventive utilization of the language. A kid will oppose utilizing an unpredictable structure on account of over-summing up, and he will make his own type of a word as per the standards that he has disguised. What's more, these standards don’t fundamentally fit in with grown-up language rules which incorporate numerous exemptions. By applying these disguised and summed up rules, a kid can secure a language at a quick pace. [o3] Weaknesses The Behaviorism hypothesis just records for the exhibition of the student, and not on his skill. The student is uninvolved, so this hypothesis doesn't concentrate on the learner’s brain and information. It additionally doesn't clarify why kids secure a language so immediately regardless of whether they are presented to various conditions. What's more, this hypothesis additionally doesn’t offer a clarification of why kids over-sum up rules, for example, the basic past tense of sporadic action words despite the fact that they hear unpredictable structures in the earth. There are additionally a few shortcomings to the Innatism hypothesis. One of the principal shortcomings is that it requests the presence of the Language Acquisition Device (LAD), its reality is hard to demonstrate and is incomprehensible. This hypothesis additionally doesn’t consider various types of students, simply perfect students with perfect language. The earth assumes a minor job in this hypothesis, so it doesn’t consider the social part of the student. My Opinion Looking at the two of these speculations, I discover the Innatism hypothesis the most valid. I would say with my youngsters and understudies, the students don't constantly demonstrate my conduct. This generally happens with unpredictable examples, especially past tense action words. This is like the â€Å"wug† test where a kid will shape a past tense of an action word that he has never heard by applying the general language decides that he has learned. This conduct can't be remembered and should be driven by an inside structure. Another motivation to help this hypothesis is that students with disabled insight have had the option to get familiar with the structure of language. It has likewise been demonstrated that American Sign Language which is instructed to the hard of hearing additionally has its own language structure. Furthermore, the production of Creole dialects underpins the hypothesis. As a Creole creates, language structure and structure are implicit. The LAD would represent the arrangement of these dialects just as for innovative employments of language by a student. End In this exposition I have clarified two hypotheses of language obtaining, behaviorism and innatism. In doing as such, I have clarified the various jobs of the student just as nature. I have additionally investigated qualities and shortcomings of every hypothesis and why I bolster the innatism hypothesis over the behaviorism theory[o4] . [o1]Good one, I overlooked this in my paper [o2]Do you figure you should specify neediness of boost here? [o3]ording? All inclusive sentence structure is worked off of two suggestions, that all dialects are administered by a lot of widespread standards, and that the psyche is outfitted with parameters which are set naturally by the youngster as indicated by the language input they get. UG specialists have discovered various general standards. One of the more unmistakable standards is structure reliance. Structure reliance expresses that all sentences paying little heed to the language are worked off of recommendations that convey both a thing and an action word state; at the end of the day, each sentence in each language must have at any rate a subject and an action word (Chomsky, 1959). One parameter setting that is contained in the LAD is the head setting. A few dialects, for example, English are head first, different dialects, for example, Japanese are head last. Different contentions have been utilized to help the presence of all inclusive sentence structure. Chomsky (1959) has proposed the destitution of the improvement contention, setting that the information kids get can't represent what they produce, and along these lines, youngsters must have an intrinsic office. He contends that the info is defaced in two different ways; first it contains a mess of execution slips, and besides, it doesn't contain any negative proof. How do kids secure language when they don’t know what they can’t state, or how would they figure out how to talk effectively when the information they here is now and again in right? They do as such, as per Chomsky, through this intrinsic limit. Jackendoff (1994) offers another contention on the side of general punctuation, the contention from expressive assortment. Jackendoff contends that given that dialects are recursive, there is basically no chance to get of putting away the entirety of the potential sentences one can make in one’s brain. As it were, sentences don’t originate from propensities, yet rather from innovative articulation. All inclusive sentence structure has had a great deal of capital in language securing hypothesis, in spite of the fact that it has been evaluated on certain fronts. Connectionists, especially, N. Ellis (2006) has contended that language securing isn't because of an inborn staff and the inventive articulation of people, however compares it to an utilization based methodology where kids learning piecemeal much of the time reoccurring lumps of language. Another contention against the intrinsic language workforce is that UG analysts have asserted that lone people approach sentence structure, yet this has been seen not as evident. Certain creatures, for example, the humpback whale and warblers have been found to have a recursive sentence structure, proposing that grammar and language may have advanced from lower request primates. While widespread sentence structure starts with language from within, Sociocultural hypothesis, another noticeable first language procurement, places language securing starts all things considered. Vygotsky, the organizer of sociocultural hypothesis, contends that language is a mental apparatus, which kids get and figure out how to control as they cooperate with their condition and with increasingly able companions (Vygotsky, 1978). Youngsters initially learn language as they associate with their folks. Guardians use overseer discourse, which makes it simpler for the youngster to comprehend and get a handle on a hang on the ideas of the language. As the youngster comprehends and produce basic articulations, they can utilize the language to intercede their mental working (Vygotsky, 1978). Vygotsky contends that kids start learning language by first learning single words, which are unadulterated significance. As they build up their language aptitudes, and take part in social discourse, single word sentences are enlarged through joining of non-significant components, for example, functionâ words, and the child’s considerations and words start to grow more sense implications. For example, where the word ‘cat’ for the 1 or multi year old kid could have filled in as a model for all felines, when the kid is nine, and having experienced an assortment of encounters identified with feline, they have a ssimilated the word with their own extraordinary faculties. In this way linguistic structure and word faculties grow, the more a youngster learns. Presently, though social discourse started from one and formed into many, inward discourse, the discourse that goes on within our heads turns out to be increasingly shortened. Vygotsky contends, in opposition to Piaget, that egocentric discourse doesn't ‘disappear’ rather it becomes disguised as internal discourse. Furthermore, this inward discourse is something that couldn't be comprehended by anyone however the individual who is thinking it. Vygotsky recommends that similarly as individuals who have known each other for a long time, and who have had a lot of encounters together display language propensities of abbreviated sentence structure as a result of their recorded shared understanding, a person’s inward discourse additionally shows this trademark, yet even

Wednesday, July 15, 2020

8 Books to Read if You Love The Knick

8 Books to Read if You Love The Knick Steven Soderburghs turn-of-the-century  drama is back for season two, and I am so happy to get  new episodes of this fictional account of a hospital, called The Knickerbocker or The Knick, in New York City, starring Clive Owen as chief surgeon John Thackery. Thackery has a very serious cocaine addiction as well as revolutionary if not mildly terrifying ideas that turn patients into guinea pigs in an age when doctors are only slightly more knowledgable about medicine than barbers. Its totally scratching my well-documented itch  for anything set in turn-of-the-century NYC (season 1 takes place in 1900), and the wait from week to week is agony. Because its Cinemax, there are only 13 episodes in the first season and were only a few episodes into the second, so if youre like me, youre going to want more. Heres a list of books, both fiction and nonfiction, to fill that Victorian hole in your heart: The Alienist  by Caleb Carr: Set in 1896 in New York, a serial killer targeting prostitute is hunted by a society-born reporter and a psychologist.  This and its follow-up are perfect for this niche. The Interpretation of Murder  by Jed Rubenfeld: Sigmund Freud visited Manhattan in 1909, and Rubenfeld reimagines how the psychoanalyst spent his last trip the U.S. Freud  investigates the mind of a murderer who is attacking New Yorks wealthiest heiresses. Fever  by Mary Beth Keane: The search for  Typhoid Mary, who is responsible for a massive outbreak of typhoid fever, is a fascinating side-plot during the first season, and Keane writes a great fictionalized account of the actual Typhoid Mary. Genius on the Edge: The Bizarre  Double Life of Dr. William Stewart Halsted  by Gerald Imber:  The character of Dr. John Thackery is loosely based on Dr. William Stewart Halsted, and this biography is a fascinating examination of his personal and professional life. Blood and Guts: A History of Surgery  by Richard Hollingham:  Though it covers a  broader period than  The Knick,  having a sense of where these surgeons and their work sit in the larger history of medical history is helpful for context. And it does shed some serious light on surgery during the Victorian era. Black Gotham: A Family History of African Americans in Nineteenth-Century New York City  by Carla L. Peterson:  There arent a whole lot of books out there that examine the kind of systemic racism that  is a large part of the shows plot, but this one gives a broad look at the position of blacks in New York in the century leading up to  The Knicks setting. The Souls of Black Folks  by W.E.B. Du Bois:  Widely considered one of the most essential collections of African American prose, Du Bois published these essays in 1903, and they provide great insight (in combination with the title above) as to the context of race in New York at that time. (Also, if you havent read this already, get to it already!) Dr. Mutters Marvels: A True Tale of Intrigue and Innovation at the Dawn of Modern Medicine  by  Cristin OKeefe Aptowicz:  Often described as the P.T. Barnum of the surgical theater, Dr. Mutters flamboyant approach to medicine is a great primer for appreciating Dr. Thackerys methods. *Bonus: if you want more good history about this era, I highly recommend checking out The Bowery Boys podcast. They cover all periods of NYC history, but theyre live tweeting episodes of The Knick  and theyve got a number of episodes about topics covered on the show, plus they have a great archive of photos on the site.

Thursday, May 21, 2020

Catholic University Admissions SAT Scores, Admit Rate

Catholic University of America admits around three-quarters of those who apply each year, making it generally accessible. Students with good grades and scores above average are likely to get in; keep in mind that the school also looks at what courses a students has taken, extracurricular activities, and work/volunteer experience. To apply, interested students must submit an application, high school transcripts, an essay, and scores from either the SAT or ACT. Admissions Data (2016) Catholic University Acceptance Rate: 80%GPA, SAT and ACT Graph for CUA AdmissionsTest Scores: 25th / 75th PercentileSAT Critical Reading: - / -SAT Math: - / -What these SAT numbers meanSAT score comparison for D.C. collegesACT Composite: - / -What these ACT numbers meanACT score comparison for D.C. colleges Catholic University Description Founded by U.S. bishops, the Catholic University of America is the national university of the Catholic Church. Students come to CUA from all 50 states and nearly 100 countries, and the student body is about half undergraduates and half graduate students. The university is made up of 12 schools and 21 research facilities. Among undergraduates, architecture and political science are the most popular majors. The universitys strengths in the liberal arts and sciences earned CUA a chapter of  Phi Beta Kappa. The D.C. Metro is on the edge of 176-acre campus, and students can easily take advantage of the opportunities found in the capital (see other D.C. area colleges). The CUA Cardinals compete in NCAA Division III athletics. Enrollment (2016) Total Enrollment: 6,076 (3,241 undergraduates)Gender Breakdown: 45% Male / 55% Female96% Full-time Costs (2016 - 17) Tuition and Fees: $42,536Books: $838 (why so much?)Room and Board: $13,820Other Expenses: $3,268Total Cost: $60,462 Catholic University Financial Aid (2015  - 16) Percentage of Students Receiving Aid: 95%Percentage of Students Receiving Types of AidGrants: 93%Loans: 60%Average Amount of AidGrants: $21,751Loans: $9,364 Academic Programs Most Popular Majors:  Architecture, Business Administration, Communication Studies, History, Music, Nursing, Philosophy, Political Science, Psychology Graduation and Retention Rates First Year Student Retention (full-time students): 84%4-Year Graduation Rate: 62%6-Year Graduation Rate: 70% Intercollegiate Athletic Programs Mens Sports:  Football, Swimming and Diving, Tennis, Basketball, Track and Field, Baseball, Cross Country, Soccer, LacrosseWomens Sports:  Field Hockey, Basketball, Swimming and Diving, Volleyball, Tennis, Softball, Soccer, Lacrosse, Track and Field, Cross Country Data Source National Center for Educational Statistics If You Like Catholic University, You May Also Like These Schools American University: Profile | GPA-SAT-ACT GraphDrexel University: Profile | GPA-SAT-ACT GraphProvidence College: Profile | GPA-SAT-ACT GraphNortheastern University: Profile | GPA-SAT-ACT GraphBoston University: Profile | GPA-SAT-ACT GraphSt. Catherine University: Profile  University of Virginia: Profile | GPA-SAT-ACT GraphAve Maria University: Profile  Johns Hopkins University: Profile | GPA-SAT-ACT GraphSaint Francis University: Profile  Fordham University: Profile | GPA-SAT-ACT GraphGeorge Mason University: Profile | GPA-SAT-ACT GraphSaint Josephs University: Profile | GPA-SAT-ACT Graph

Wednesday, May 6, 2020

The Tragic Downfall Of Oedipus The King By Sophocles

In the world of greek literature, characters often have flaws that lead to a tragic downfall. One of these tragic flaws is hubris, which is defined as â€Å"exaggerated pride or self-confidence† (Merriam-Webster). This trait is most commonly found in characters who come to power and allow themselves to be consumed by their newfound hierarchy. The play Oedipus the King by Sophocles embodies the trait and displays it in different ways throughout the story. Oedipus is a victim of hubris as seen when he disregards the prophecy given to him, challenges a group of travelers at the crossroad, and publicly announces his plans to avenge King Laius’ death. Hubris is first presented when Oedipus hears rumors that King Polybus and Queen Merope are not his biological parents. Because of these suspicions, Oedipus sought an oracle in hopes of discovering the truth about his upbringing. Instead, he is given a prophecy that he would one day murder his father and marry his own mother. Oe dipus’ hubris is introduced here as he believes that he can challenge the fate that was foretold. Fearing that the prophecy would come true, Oedipus makes his first desperate attempt to avoid fate by leaving the city of Corinth to get away from King Polybus and Queen Merope, of whom he still believes to be his biological parents. During his journey to the city of Thebes in hopes of avoiding his fate, he encounters a group of men at a crossroad. Little does Oedipus know, one of the men in that group is hisShow MoreRelatedOedipus-a Tragic Hero706 Words   |  3 PagesRunning head: Oedipus-A Tragic Hero Research Paper ENGL 102: Literature and Composition) Fall 2015 Melinda Meeds L26683811 APA Outline Thesis: In Sophocles’ â€Å"Oedipus†, Oedipus is exemplified as a tragic hero according to Aristotle’s definition because his story appeals to the reader’s humanity in the way he maintains his strengths after inadvertently causing his own downfall. I. Oedipus A. The noble birth. B. Describe Oedipus’ character. II. Tragedy A. DescribeRead More tragoed Oedipus as the Ideal Tragic Hero of Oedipus the King (Oedipus Rex)1217 Words   |  5 PagesOedipus as the Ideal Tragic Hero of Oedipus the King In the introduction to Sophocles Oedipus the King, Sophocles defines a tragic hero as one who [behaves] admirably as a man, [but who] is nevertheless tripped up by forces beyond his control and understanding... (Sophocles 76).   In Oedipus the King, Oedipus is the tragic hero. The force that trips up the hero is fate, or, moira. It is Oedipuss actions that set the events into motion,   but it is ultimately his fate, and his attemptedRead MoreOedipus As A Tragic Hero1094 Words   |  5 PagesIn the play Oedipus the King, Oedipus struggles to accept the truth and lets his temper over power him. He can be displayed as a tragic hero. His refusal to accept the truth led to Oedipus’ down fall. A tragic hero, as defined by Aristotle, â€Å"is a literary character who makes a judgment error that inevitably leads to his/her own destruction.† Sophocles’ Oedipus exemplifies Aristotle’s definition of a tragic hero. In the play, Oedipus unknowingly has cursed the entire town of Thebes. He was cursedRead MoreJocasta as a Tragic Hero Essay1222 Words   |  5 Pages2012 Upholding Jocasta as the Tragic Hero What makes a tragic hero? Aristotle lays down groundwork of a tragic hero as being essentially good. They are neither villain nor saint because they have flaws. Several elememts are nevcesary to have a tragic hero, they are the tragic flaw, the reversal, recognition, and hubris. These generally make up the story of the tragic hero, and in the case of Jocasta, the wife and mother of Oedipus in Sophocles’ Oedipus the King, she posses all three. Yet sheRead MoreEssay about Oedipus: A Tragic Hero677 Words   |  3 Pages Oedipus: A Tragic Hero Oedipus Rex, or Oedipus the King is Sophocles’s first play of â€Å"The Theban Cycle.† It tells the story of a king that tries to escape his fate, but by doing so he only brings about his downfall. Oedipus is a classic example of the Aristotelian definition of a tragic hero. Aristotle defines a tragic hero as a basically good and noble person who causes his own downfall due to a flaw in his character. Oedipus is a man of noble blood; his parents, who raised himRead MoreOedipus the Tragic Hero1390 Words   |  6 PagesOedipus; The Tragic Hero In the Fourth Century BC, a famous philosopher named Aristotle wrote about the qualities that a tragic hero must possess. Ever since that time, there have been many examples of tragic heroes in literature. None of those characters, however, display the tragic hero traits quite as well as Oedipus, the main character from the play Oedipus Rex by Sophocles. Oedipus is, without a doubt, the absolute quintessence of a tragic hero. His example shines as clear as a sunny summerRead MoreHamlet vs. Oedipus Essay898 Words   |  4 Pagesby William Shakespeare and Oedipus in Oedipus King by Sophocles In Aristotles literary discourse, Poetics, he discusses his theory of tragedy, wherein he introduces the concepts of tragic flaw or hamartia, which serves as the catalyst for the protagonists downfall or the tragedy of the story to happen. He determines a tragedy as a drama that brings about a sorrowful conclusion, arousing fear and pity in the audience (Roberts and Jacobs, 1998:1189). Tragic stories are identified throughRead MoreEssay on Oedipus: The Reign of a Tragic Hero1266 Words   |  6 PagesWithout knowing what Greek theater was all about, how can someone expect to truly understand a tragic play and the history it comes with? The history behind the character of Oedipus, in the play Oedipus the King, is very complicated. His intricate past dealing with prophecies, family members, and murder is the main focus of the story. There are many characteristics that complete Aristotle’s definition of a tragic hero; these being the presence of hamartia and peripeteia, a sens e of self-awareness, theRead MoreTragic Flaws Of Oedipus Rex950 Words   |  4 Pages Tragic Flaws of Oedipus Rex The ancient Greek’s culture was greatly influence by their belief in in many gods. They believed that the gods would guide them and that everyone was destined to live out their fates. In the case of Oedipus Rex Fate drove him into a downfall. Oedipus Rex is a part of the great Sophoclean play, written by Sophocles. Sophocles’ write this story to portray a tragic hero, using character flaws to explain his downfall. Oedipus is a perfect tragic hero because his whirlwindRead MoreOedipus Rex : A Tragic Hero945 Words   |  4 Pagesfates. In the case of Oedipus Rex Fate drove him into a downfall. Oedipus Rex is a part of the great Sophoclean play, written by Sophocles. Sophocles’ write this story to portray a tragic hero, using character flaws to explain his downfall. Oedipus is a perfect tragic hero because his whirlwind of a life force the audience to admire him in the beginning of the story as a privilege young man and also pity him a he falls into a crushing do wnfall. Sophocles intentionally gave Oedipus certain flaws because

Scarce resource article Free Essays

Nursing Shortage:   An Issue of Scarce Resource The present nursing shortage is a serious issue which poses a real threat to the future of the healthcare system especially on patients.   Research published last year by ANA predicts that the US will have a shortage of 1 million nurses by 2020 (http://bhpr.hrsa. We will write a custom essay sample on Scarce resource article or any similar topic only for you Order Now gov/healthworkforce  /reports/behindrnprojections/4.htm), a bottleneck at US nursing schools caused more than 42 000 qualified applicants to be turned away in 2006-2007 (p.1623). Nursing experts attributed this shortage to five influencing factors.   First, it is mainly due to the simultaneous graying of the nurse workforce or the age or retirement of older nurses. Second, many are leaving the profession due to overworked and some even migrated to other countries in search for high paying ones.   Third, the number (especially the younger generations) entering the nursing profession continues to decline as they see the lack of stability and thus tend to choose other careers (American Nurses Association, 2003). Fourth, US nursing schools face a growing faculty shortage, schools lack the physical facilities, too few clinical training placements, and limited fund; all of these have not been able to keep pace with the demand. Fifth, while it is easy to blame the government for this shortage due to lack of funding for nursing programs, however, equally important is career burn out.   It can’t be denied that nursing is one among the many jobs that has a stressful work environment.   So, the job itself is responsible for this shortage. Further, CareerJournal.com has surveyed several students who mentioned that the best careers do not include nursing.   Some of the respondents mentioned that the lack of funding and facilities to train new nurses, poor working conditions in hospitals and poor salary scale make the nursing profession not a compensatory career. What makes this issue even worse is that research studies have found the shortage is already having a proven, adverse effect on the ability to deliver quality healthcare in the US.   One important negative effect on patient healthcare is the increased risk of patient deaths as simply there are not enough nurses to safely care for patients.   Another is the increased medical errors arising from many complications because of this shortage.   All of this equates to the inadequacy to meet the future health care needs of Americans. Because of all these, patient’s safety is threatened and health care quality is deteriorating.   This is because nurses are greatly responsible for the majority of patient care, as they perform the vital functions in a patient’s confinement in the hospital and thus providing more face to face services than doctors. But we need to ensure that there are enough registered nurses to meet future demands. What makes this issue even worse is that research studies have found the shortage is already having a proven, adverse effect on the ability to deliver quality healthcare in the US. One important negative effect on patient healthcare is the increased risk of patient deaths as simply there are not enough nurses to safely care for patients.   Another is the increased medical errors arising from many complications because of this shortage.   All of this equates to the inadequacy to meet the future health care needs of Americans. To address this shortage, solutions must be developed in several areas, such as in education, healthcare deliver systems, policy and regulations, and image. This shortage is not solely nursings` issue and requires a collaborative effort among nursing leaders in practice and education, health care executives, government, and the media. Thus, the American government, nursing agencies, and other concerned groups have taken some steps to alleviate the nursing shortage such as to increase the number of admissions to the American nursing education and improving working environment to retain nurses.   On the other hand, they are pushing for budget changes which they hope to address the lack of funding issue of the nursing program.   Research has shown that quality of workplace environment and job satisfaction is correlated, which impacts on quality of care and patient outcomes.   ANA (2003) urge governments to act swiftly to develop a national health human resource strategy. But there are many barriers to the resolutions as addressing the shortage is really a difficult task.   For one, the government itself lack a substantive commitment to the health of Americans and that these barriers has increased due to the different views between policy making and health human resource planning.   But if this issue has to be resolved, all concerned groups; nurses, hospitals, clinics, and the government should work hand in hand.   Many concerned groups believed that an integrated health human resource strategy that includes the expeditious licensure and acceptance of those who wish to immigrate or who already reside in the different states of the US is needed to resolve the nursing shortage. Nurses are vital in the health care system, thus the government, nursing associations, employers, educators, and others have collaborated to address the nursing shortage issue. Nursing has been burdened with societal expectations of selflessness and devotion.   Thus, a high ethical and legal standard should be met by all American nurses. The nursing shortage carries with it a lot of implications.   Foremost, this has affected the quality and safety of the entire American health care system as nothing is more critical to the health and well being of Americans than safe, sound, and available health care.   Thus, the governments, professional associations, educators, administrators and employers have accelerated their efforts to reduce the potential threat of this shortage and thus minimize the potential public risk.   Hence, nursing education would flourish and nursing graduates would increase in number. With this, nursing graduates will have a positive job outlook as their demand is high. With these efforts, the nursing shortage would come to an end and nurses could provide the Americans with a safe and high quality health care. References American Medical Association (2007).   No End in Sight to Nursing Shortage:   Bottleneck at Nursing Schools a Key Factor.   Vol 298, No. 14. Available: American Nurses Association. (2003). Planning for the Future: Nursing Human Resource Projections.   Available:   http://www.nursingworld.org/ojin/topic14/tpc14_4.htm Nevidjon, B., Erickson, J. (January 31, 2001) The Nursing Shortage: Solutions for the Short and Long Term Online Journal of Issues in Nursing. Vol. #6, No. #1, Manuscript 4. Available: http://www.nursingworld.org/ojin/topic14/tpc14_4.htm How to cite Scarce resource article, Essay examples

Friday, April 24, 2020

Themes and Ideas in The Merchants Tale Essay Example

Themes and Ideas in The Merchants Tale Essay The imagery in the general prologue tells Chaucers audience the Merchant is skilled and wise full well his wit bisette and Chaucers use of language like forked berd and in mottelee not only portrays the Merchant in a precise way, but ensures that the readers think and feel the same way about the Merchant as Chaucer. In The Merchants Tale Chaucer concerns himself with many themes, amongst which are marriage, honesty, religion and women. The opening of the tale explores the Merchants negative outlook on marriage and how bitterly he feels towards his wife I have a wyf, the worst that may be. The initial impression given to the reader is that Chaucer believes marriage is mainly a man letting himself in for a life time of weeping and wailing and Chaucer makes certain to the reader that if he had the chance to marry again, he wouldnt. Chaucer makes it very clear to the reader he is anti-feminist and implies he can tell more sorrow than a stabbed bachelor, due to his unhappiness throughout marriage. The Merchant claims talking about myn owene soore, is too upsetting, so continues to tell a story of a worthy knight.. a wyflees man was he. This worthy knight, aged sixty begins to feel the desire for a wife however before this age was used to doing what he wanted with women, folwed ay his bodily delit and thinking nothing more of it. The knight would try day and night to dooth al that he kan to find a woman as he believed no other life is worth a bene;. The irony presented here is that the Merchant feels negatively about marriage yet is explaining how ultimately even the most sexually orientated of bachelors will eventually seek this sacrament. We will write a custom essay sample on Themes and Ideas in The Merchants Tale specifically for you for only $16.38 $13.9/page Order now We will write a custom essay sample on Themes and Ideas in The Merchants Tale specifically for you FOR ONLY $16.38 $13.9/page Hire Writer We will write a custom essay sample on Themes and Ideas in The Merchants Tale specifically for you FOR ONLY $16.38 $13.9/page Hire Writer Issues raised in the opening to the tale, when discussing marriage is if the knight suddenly realising he should get a wife, whether this be for security as hes reaching old age, or if it be for religious reasons. Religion is another theme Chaucer uses tastefully in the opening of the tale as man and womman, a biblical reference to Adam and Eve is mentioned and marriage is compared to paradis, the garden of Eden. Although this image of marriage being wonderful is being spoken by the knight, Chaucer is telling it through the Merchant. The confusing and interesting nature of this is that in the general prologue the Merchant doesnt have a good word to say about marriage, but hes telling this tale of a knight that was desperate to take a yong wif and live a life of joye and solas, therefore implying marriage is not so bad. In lines 99 to 103, the Merchant compares Gods gift of a wife, to material possessions. The detailed nature of these lines wyf is Goddes yifte .. as londes, rentes, pasture or commune shows how the Merchant, through the Knight explains the value of a wife is similar to that of the value of material goods such as land and furnishings. The story of creation in Genesis not only explains Gods creation of a woman to keep Adam company, but shows the how a woman caused the downfall of mankind, by being tempted to eat the forbidden fruit in the Garden of Eden. This is a story Chaucers target audience would we have been aware of. The Merchant shows the Knight being fond of marriage, but at the same time is taking a dig at women for causing the downfall of mankind, and implying this is what will happen if the Knight marries. A brief reference to anti-feminist literature writer Theofrast, by the knight reassures readers that he understands what hes taking onboard when seeking a wife. What force though Theofraste liste lye? .. a trewe servant dooth moore diligence claims Theofrast, but the knight, knowing Theofrast thinks a servent would be more faithful than a waife, still stays keen on the idea of marriage and we know this by the reference to the wedding vows keep him, sik and hool him to love and serve till he sterve he regards marriage as important, and is being slightly feminist as hes reassuring the audience that a woman will always stick by her man, as she swears to it on their wedding day. Ultimately, Chaucer explores a variety of themes and issues in the opening of the Merchants tale, and although he approaches marriage negatively, he seems to contradict himself when telling the story about the knight. Nevertheless, due to the general prologue and Chaucers description of the Merchant with forked berd shows him as a shady character, so however Chaucer seems to be portraying this knight, we know its likely to change as the tale continues.